The skill-biased nature of GVC trade is associated with increased complexity of global supply chains as well as increased use of skill-intensive inputs, notably services.
Industries and governments are continuously seeking ways to optimize the movement of goods, data, and currencies across global supply chains.
According to the Blockchain Turkey Know Your Supplier Report
Supply Chain Processes Challenges
In 2019, the world’s GDP rose by roughly 2.2 percent.And in 2020, we are seeing the impact of unprecedented global events tied to the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting economic upheaval.
Trade policy also affects domestic firms. Local firms in an open trade regime are more exposed to competitive pressures through international trade.
On the other hand
Around 70 percent of international trade today involves global value chains (GVCs). These are made up of domestic and international enterprises that trade and transfer materials, goods and services.
Suppliers and manufacturers must design for resilience and flexibility in value chains. The transition to Industry 4.0 will depend on locally and globally interconnected operations to support smart production and life cycle management.
What is Supply Chain 4.0 ?
Supply chain 4.0 is the re-organization of supply chains — design and planning, production, distribution, consumption, and reverse logistics — using technologies that are known as “Industry 4.0”.
It transforms business models, making supply more customer-driven
It is about transforming the model of supply chain management from a linear model in which instructions flow from supplier to producer to distributor to consumer, and back, to a more integrated model in which information flows in an omnidirectional manner to the supply chain.
Disruption risk of supply chain management
Supply Chain 4.0 is designed to enhance key management competencies, such as effective target setting, collecting and analyzing data to monitor progress towards these targets, inventory management, coordination of targets/progress across production stages, and worker supervision and incentives.
THE COLLAPSE OF THE LINEAR SUPPLY CHAIN
New technologies and tools have allowed the traditionally linear supply chain to collapse into an agile interconnected network that unlocks new value across the digitized nodes
Trade, foreign investment, migration and data policies determine the openness of an economy.
They affect the size of the markets that firms can access, shape the degree of competition in the domestic economy and determine the access of domestic firms to foreign technology, knowledge and know-how.
In conclusion, trade policies that result in a reduction of export costs increase firm profits.
1- Advancing global trade with blockchain , IBM
Advancing global trade with blockchain
Industries and governments are continuously seeking ways to optimize the movement of goods, data, and currencies across…
2- BCTR Know Your Supplier Report
Publications - The Blockchain Turkey Platform
With this report comparatively prepared by Blockchain Turkey Platform, we present the world-wide regulations on…
3- Connected and autonomous supply chain ecosystems 2025 PWC
Connected and autonomous supply chain ecosystems 2025
To succeed in this evolving marketplace, companies need to transform linear supply chains into autonomous supply chain…
4- Mckinsey Global Institute Risk , resilience in global value chains Report
Risk, resilience, and rebalancing in global value chains
In recent decades, value chains have grown in length and complexity as companies expanded around the world in pursuit…
5- GVC Development 2019
Global Value Chain Development Report 2019: Technological Innovation, Supply Chain Trade and…
Washington, April 15, 2019 - Companies used to make things primarily in one country. That has all changed. Thanks to…
6- Deloitte Trade 4.0 Report